"Each have made specific and wonderful contributions to the Lab and the Wider Scientific Field."
- Dr. Tim Wilson
Former PhD Students
Colin was a recent PhD student studying neuromuscular physiology (Rice Lab) in the School of Kinesiology at Western. His interest in anatomy stemed from his Master’s degree in Anatomical Sciences from Queen’s University and subsequent employment as an anatomy demonstrator at Ross University School of Medicine in Dominica. Colin was using MRI and uCT imaging to 3D reconstruct anatomical variations identified during routine cadaveric dissection. Using AMIRA software in the CRIPT laboratory, he successfully 3D reconstructed some interesting rare anatomical variations to be used as digital anatomical models for teaching and research purposes. Colin also investigated the variability of palmaris brevis muscle morphology in relation to the piso-hamate tunnel at the wrist using high resolution MR Images in the CRIPT. Through his investigation of the 3D morphology of the palmaris brevis at the wrist, he hopes to provide further insight into the protective function of the palmaris brevis and its relation to compression-related injuries of the ulnar nerve such as cyclist palsy.
Danielle Brewer came to CRIPT after completing her Master’s of Science at Western in Kinesiology. She arrived from the same lab Wilson did his PhD, so she was of the highest quality. In the CRIPT she teamed up with Adrian Owen and embarked into new ground for the CRIPT. They were looking at subclinical brain trauma and the ill effects these knocks to the head may cause with young student athletes.
Before joining the CRIPT team, Victoria Roach successfully completed her Bachelors in Biomedical Biology with Honors from Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario. Growing up in Northern Ontario, she developed a passion for photography which has since grown into a keen interest in medical imaging and technology. She is presently working towards her Doctorate in Clinical Anatomy at the University of Western Ontario under the supervision of Dr. Tim Wilson PhD and Dr. Roy Eagleson, PhD. Her research is centered around the development and analysis of cutting edge training tools which employ 3-D technology to enhance skill acquisition in surgeons. Victoria’s previous work in the CRIPT has included the design and evaluation of Avatar inspired 3-D videographic techniques to acquire surgical suite footage and incorporate it into an accessible e-learning module. After completing her PhD with me, Vic immediately took at assistant professorship at the William Beaumon School of Medicine in Rochester Michigan. This has to be a record!
Charys is a Western lifer, she completed her BSc. in Kinesiology at Western, as well as her MSc. in Kinesiology specializing in Sports Medicine at Western and now she is completing her PhD at Western. Charys is doing an interdisciplinary project with Kinesiology and Clinical Anatomy. Charys’ research focuses on looking at normal morphology of the hip using novel 3D reconstructive technologies. The goal of her research is to create a range of normal hip measurements that may help create more accurate and specific clinical diagnoses of hip disease. UPDATE: After a two-year appointment at the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University, Charys accepted a position back at her alma mater in Anatomy and Cell Biology. I wasn’t kidding when I said lifer above! We couldn’t be happier she is back.
UPDATE: Arjun has accepted a facilitator position in the gross anatomy lab at Ross Medical School.
I am the first doctoral graduate student in the Clinical Anatomy Program at the University of Western Ontario. My area of research focuses on the creation of a unique interactive virtual reality tool that can be used to improve the teaching and learning of spatial three-dimensional (3D) information of the human body. Adequate 3D knowledge is essential for students in medicine and allied health professions because it forms the foundation for carrying out safe medical practices. However, access to comparative material is difficult and access to anatomical models that have soft tissue anatomy is very rare. The end result of this research will be a virtual reality simulation that can be used as an educational tool to reinvigorate the study of human morphology, variability and evolution by greatly expanding access of students and scholars to detailed computer-generated anatomical models. UPDATE: Ngan has accepted a Post-Doctoral position under Sandrine deRibaupierre and Roy Eagleson studying surgical simulations.
UPDATE: Arjun has accepted a facilitator position in the gross anatomy lab at Ross Medical School.
Jay works as an instructional designer at the Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry. He is also in the process of completing a doctorate (Ed.D) in Education Technology from the University of Calgary. Jay’s previous research focused on the use of technology for e-learning environments such as podcasts. His current and future research will focus on how the human brain functions during learning activities using new 3D models of anatomical structures and functional MRI. This research will hopefully produce a clearer picture of what cognitive load looks like in an active brain during learning. Jay continues to work with Schulich and is an adjunct professor within the Faculty of Education.
Former Clinical Anatomy Masters Students
Before coming to the University of Western Ontario and joining the CRIPT laboratory, Kevin Santiago completed his Honours Bachelor of Science from the University of Guelph. During his undergrad, he majored in the Biomedical Sciences and minored in the Nutrition and Nutraceutical Sciences. Currently in his first year in the Clinical Anatomy program, Kevin is excited to be working with Tim Wilson and is looking forward to a great year.
Originally from Vancouver, BC, Lily completed her Bachelor of Health Sciences (Honours) at McMaster University. There, she worked closely with the McMaster Education Program in Anatomy, taking on roles as a teaching assistant, student prosector, and undergraduate researcher. In the CRIPT, Lily focused on incremental Maxillomandibular Advancement (MMA) surgery in the treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Her thesis focused on further elucidating the mechanism underlying the success of the surgery, considering both the volumetric and linear changes within the pharynx. During her MSc, Lily also completed her Western Certificate in Teaching and Learning and spent time as a teaching assistant for both undergraduate and MD anatomy.
UPDATE: Since graduating, Lily has returned to Vancouver to continue her education in the MD program at the University of British Columbia.
Moulik Patel completed his Masters of Clinical Anatomy in 2019, after completing his Honours Bachelor of Science from the University of Toronto. At UoT he majored in Health & Disease and minored in Immunology and Biology. In the CRIPT, Moulik researched the effects of Incremental Maxillomandibular Advancement (MMA) surgery on Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and its relationship with airway volumetrics and tissue morphology. Using high resolution CT imaging and the AMIRA software in the CRIPT laboratory, he was able to 3D reconstruct and isolate a very specific portion of the human airway. Through these 3D models, he was then able to obtain airway dimensions and volumes. Moulik hopes that his research will provide new insight about the procedure (MMA surgery) that has the potential to solve the devastating problem of sleep apnea.
UPDATE: Moulik Patel is currently completing his Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) at Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry at Western University.
Before coming to the CRIPT lab, Ethan Bazos completed his Honours Bachelors of Science in Biochemistry and Human Biology from the University of Toronto. His research in the CRIPT laboratory investigated the role and influence of skill maturation in career development and student success among post-secondary students at Western University. His research specifically embodies the theory of planned-happenstance; and how student(s) best take advantage of chance opportunities of occurrence in their lives.
After completing a BMSc. Honours Specialization in Physiology at Western University, Arjun Maini began his studies in the department of Anatomy and Cell Biology in the Clinical Anatomy MSc. Program. His research within the CRIPT examines the innate cognitive factors, such as visual spatial ability, that underlie learning and skill in surgical disciplines. Under the supervision of Dr. Tim Wilson, PhD and a partnership with Dr. Stephen Pautler MD, FRSC, Arjun is currently investigating the role of 3-dimensional viewing methods on surgical proficiency within a population of PGY-1 Surgical Residents as they train and familiarize themselves with laparoscopic surgical skills. He aims to weave together the effects of the trainees’ spatial abilities and the use of 3D imaging on to assess the individual and combined impact of these factors on surgical performance.
UPDATE: Arjun has accepted a facilitator position in the gross anatomy lab at Ross Medical School.
Sonya Van Nuland is a Clinical Anatomy Masters Candidate at Western University. Before joining the team at Western, she completed a BSc at the University of Guelph in Biomedical Sciences. Sonya is currently exploring the effects of competition on the academic performance of undergraduate students. Through the use of a web-based classroom response system, Sonya will investigate if competition among peers in a tournament setting motivates students to familiarize themselves with lecture material, and as a result, perform better on exams. Sonya will also be investigating whether individual knowledge of tournament rank in the ERS influences student scholarly motivation and study habits prior to examination. It is through this research that Sonya hopes to determine when and where competition in beneficial in education.
UPDATE: Sonya has accepted a PhD position in ACB here at Western under the guidance of Kem Rogers.
Prior to starting his MSc. in Clinical Anatomy, Jeremy Roth completed a Bachelor of Health Sciences degree from Western and received a postgraduate certificate in International Project Management at Humber College. His research focus is in 3D histology education. He has created a 3D model of a renal corpuscle from real histological sections and is planning to build an e-learning tool with that model.
UPDATE: Jeremy is currently at UWaterloo as the interim head technician in their anatomy laboratory.
Benjamin is a Clinical Anatomy Master’s student investigating the three dimensional movement of fibular abduction in a below knee amputation. Using OsiriX, a medical imaging program, Benjamin is reconstructing computer tomography scans into a 3D model of the tibia and fibula to measure the proximal angle at which the two bones articulate.
UPDATE: Ben is currently at Trinity College Dublin where he is studying medicine in the class of 2017.
Steve graduated with a BSc from Western in 2009 majoring in both Physiology and Psychology. After many years of hitting the books he took a hiatus from his academic career to pursue a more well-rounded education in life. From late 2009 to early 2011 he travelled around the world soaking up the culture and testing his worldly survival skills in places like Australia and Southeast Asia. Returning to Western unbitten by snakes, spiders, and centipedes he re-entered academia in the fall of 2011 as a Master of Clinical Anatomy student. Currently he is working on developing a dimensional model of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) articular disc to be used as a structural scaffold for tissue bioengineering of prosthetic replacement constructs. It is hoped that this will help researchers in the field reconstruct an accurately shaped organic replacement that can be surgically implanted in patients with severe temporomandibular disorder (TMD) alleviating their discomfort and pain, while restoring normal function to the joint.
UPDATE: Steve is currently studying Dentistry at UofT in the class of 2017.
I am currently under the supervision of Dr. Tim Wilson Ph.D and Dr. Sandrine de Ribaupierre MD where I am working towards completing my Master’s degree in Clinical Anatomy. My research focuses on the educational benefits of 3D modeling and computer assisted learning. I am developing a 3D model of the cranial nerve and brainstem nuclei and integrating my model into an educational tool to test in a neuroanatomy classroom. I became interested in anatomy and neuroscience in my 3Rd year at the University of Guelph where I completed my undergraduate degree in Human Kinetics with a minor in Neuroscience.
UPDATE: Kelly is now the head technician at UBC Department of Anatomy,Okanagan Campus.
Louis is a second-year MSc student in the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology (Clinical Anatomy division). He completed a Honours BSc in Kinesiology at UWO. His research interests include understanding the process through which students learn during a cadaver laboratory.
UPDATE: Louis is currently studying medicine in Australia, he will graduate in 2017.
Lauren is a second year Master’s student in Clinical Anatomy. Before joining the CRIPT, she completed an Honours Bachelor of Science with a double major in Medical Sciences and Psychology at UWO. Her research project involves the creation of an interactive 3D model of the oculomotor system that may be incorporated into an online learning tool.
UPDATE: After obtaining her BEd at UWO, Lauren is now completing her PhD with Sandrine deRibaupierre here in Anatomy and UWO.
James majored in Human Kinetics to complete his honours Bachelor of Science degree at the University of Guelph. While working towards a Master’s in Clinical Anatomy, his research includes the construction of a 3-D model of the brachial plexus. This model will be used to assist the training of anaesthesiologists on upper limb nerve blocks.
UPDATE: James is currently in a technical position at the UofGuelph anatomy laboratory.
Before joining the CRIPT, Hanna was in the Medical Science program at UWO, focusing mainly on human anatomy and physiology. She is currently in her 2nd year of the Clinical Anatomy Master’s program. She is studying the effectiveness of a new method of learning spatial relationships in gross anatomy, called “syncretion,” and comparing it to the traditional dissection approach.
UPDATE: Hannah in in the class of 2013 at University of Toronto Faculty of Nursing.
Andrew received his honors degree in Kinesiology from the University of Western Ontario in 2007. In 2009 he completed a M.Sc. in kinesiology and health studies from Queen’s University. Under the supervision of Dr. Robert Ross, Andrew studied lifestyle changes and their effects on obesity and related metabolic risk factors with minimal weight change. Andrew is currently working towards his 2nd M.Sc. in anatomy at the University of Western Ontario. His research, under the supervision of Dr. Tim Wilson and Dr. Khadry Galil, focuses on the morphology of the temporomandibular joint using 3D imaging.
UPDATE: Andrew is now the Head Educational Technician in the Department of Anatomy and McMaster University.
Emily began her academic career at the University of Waterloo where she successfully completed an honors degree in Biomedical Science. It was here that an interest in anatomy sparked. Since the fall of 2009, she has been working towards her master’s degree in Clinical Anatomy at the University of Western Ontario. Her Research focuses on studying the morphology of the maxillae and its relation to the maxillary sinus using Micro- CT scanning and 3D imaging. She hopes to define the contours of the bone as it travels from anterior to posterior regions and with this information, provide useful data that can benefit preoperative surgery of standard dental implants and micro implants.
UPDATE: Emily is in the class of 2015 in Dentistry at UWO.
Rebecca, hailing from Little Britain, Ontario, had big dreams while she attended the University of Guelph majoring in Human Kinetics. It was here that her interest in Anatomy started, and blossomed to something unsuspected. She is currently working on her Master’s in Clinical Anatomy at the University of Western Ontario. Her research focuses on the anatomy of peripheral nerve. More specifically the organization, and number of sympathetic fibres within nerves.
UPDATE: Rebecca will graduate from Nursing in the class of 2014 at UWO.
Before coming to UWO to pursue a Master’s degree in Clinical Anatomy, I completed a BA in Psychology at the University of Waterloo. My research project involves the creation of a computer-based endoscopic anatomy learning tool – in a nutshell, it’s a Magic School Bus ride through the GI tract! A big part of the project is the application of cognitive psychology principles to the development of this novel instructional tool.
I am a second year Master’s student in Clinical Anatomy working on a project that looks to incorporate aspects of cognitive learning theory into online learning tools.
UPDATE: Andrew is currently studying medicine at the UofCalgary and will graduate in 2016.
Natalie hails from Cobourg Ontario. She is a funny person with a great sense of humour. Upon leaving the CRIPT Natalie has big aspirations that start with The Accelerated Nursing Programme at The University of Toronto in the fall of 2010.
At the CRIPT, Natalie undertook an interesting project describing mandibles in both gross dissection and with digital dissection. The view was to understand the course of the inferior alveolar nerve and the surrounding bone. Look for her paper soon in our publications section.
Kyle is from Oakville Ontario. He played lacrosse at the University of Western Ontario and was a member of the CRIPT during his Master Degree in the Department. Kyle will be undertaking Medicine at Queens University in the fall of 2010.
Kyle undertook an educational efficacy study where he used a digital anatomical model environment created by Sid Bhattatchyyra (link) to aid students learning cross sections of the abdomen. His research suggests that purpose based adjunct tools such as the 3DX tool developed here does aid in the education and retention of the information learned within the digital environment when compared to gross dissection alone. His work may help with future development of future tools. Look for his work soon in the publication section (link).
Sid is a Medical Student at the Schulich School of Medicine, and a graduate of the Master’s in Clinical Anatomy Program. His Masters consisted of creating validate learning tools for the web. Sid has worked on 3D reconstructions and projects that use 3D structures to teach cross-sectional and endoscopic anatomy. the goal of this work is to take the high fidelity models created in the CRIPT and apply evidence-based educational practices, to use them for medical education.
Mike, a Hamiltonian to the core has slowly turned international while attending Western. Cutting his graduate teeth in the CRIPT, Mike has worked hard to discern the differences between two popular tools used for digital modelling, Osirix and Amira. His work will help future digital anatomists decide how and with what bells and whistles will their digital renderings take. Mike is a positive fellow who added a level of professionalism and humours to the lab. In 2009, he left for Dominica where he acted as an anatomy-teaching assistant at the Ross medical school. After a year of hard work and illustration of “the right stuff” Midgley was accepted into the medical school there. A publication should appear in the 2010 year, see publications.
Robin was an import to Ontario from Summerland BC. She brought a unique spirit to the place and a great “get it done” attitude. Arriving here as a Kinesiology graduate with the addition of a teaching degree, she had much to explore. Her project investigated the use of stereoscopic digital anatomy in the gross anatomy laboratory. Utilizing her anatomy and teaching prowess she devised a unique project that initially sough to see if student marks might be altered. However with any good scientists, the open mind attracts new ideas. She started to sense how the social dynamic of the laboratory might be more important than the modality with which students learnt anatomy. Her work explores a new arm of CRIPT research and has lead her back to the University of British Columbia where she will explore further the social contexts of anatomy and how that works for and against student learning. Her masters work is currently submitted to Academic Medicine and will hopefully appear in the publications list shortly.
The strong quiet type, Harold. Perhaps one of the meekest yet funny people we’ve had in the CRIPT also worked like heck to complete his interesting project on the dynamic 3D heart. He used serial, cardiac paced CT’s to create his heart model (link to media) which would beat and can be manipulated in any and all directions while it’s beating. As with all our models, they are surface generations, therefore one can explore from outside or inside the heart. Harold was a military reservist with aspirations of medicine, he currently is realizing this dream at Trinity College in Dublin Ireland….lucky guy.
Christina might be called the Sarnia sleeper, she doesn’t let anyone know how much of a computer geek she really is until she’s allowed to shine. She overcame some significant technical challenges in arriving at her master’s final product which digitally modeled the ventricular system of human brain. She went one step furthur to illustrate the meninges of the cortex and how the cerebrospinal fluid fills these spaces. After leaving the CRIPT, Christina also decided to head south to Dominica with her husband. There she also helped with the gross anatomical education at the Ross University medical school. Look for an animation of her work under our website’s media and a pdf of her work should appear shortly in publications.
Aimée entered our programme and the CRIPT as one of the youngest graduate students to date. Se was shy and hardly ever looked anyone in the eye. Boy did she use grad school as a makeover! Over the course of her time in the CRIPT Aimee went from a quiet and self-proclaimed computer illiterate to a dynamic, confident, and outgoing techno-savve. Aimee’s challenging project used the Visible Human Female to reconstruct the female pelvis, reproductive system and muscular floor. Find her work in publications and a movie in the media section of these pages and you’ll understand why it took upwards of 600+hours of work. Now Aimée is a licensed teacher in Ontario having completed her BA in education. She will make an outstanding teacher in and around southern Ontario where she hopes to settle.
Tamara is a former Kinesiology graduate from Western. She is also one of these no nonsense get’er done people. She was co-supervised by Drs. Tim Wilson and Lynne Postovit. Dr. Postovit is a cell biologist who was interested in visualizing what her cell cultured mammospheres looked like. She uses these mammospheres for breast cancer research paradigms. Tamara, without any substantial wet-bench research experience went forth and forward to help Postivit’s endeavours. Tamara used new skills sets to enable the 3D stereoscopic visualization from Z-stacks of these mammospheres. She pushed the limits of both our software and the confocal microscope in the department. Currently Tamara is moving quietly towards a lectureship at the University of Western Ontario. She has taught gross anatomy at Medix a private college in London for massage therapy, Fanshawe College in Health Sciences Division, and will lecture to the first year nursing programme for their gross anatomy and Western.